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Republic of the Congo [1]
DeskCityPopulationThe
1984 results1996 results2007 results
one.Brazzaville585,812856,4101,408,150Brazzaville
2.Black Point294,203455,131829,134Black Point
3.Dolisie49,13479,852128,032Niari
4.Come on36,54046,72771,620Bouenza
5.This angel26,387Kouilou
6.Ouch11,93917,78423,968Sangha
7.Madingou11,50517,00022,760Bouenza
8.Owando16,02119,00021.588Cuvette
9.Governor11,20716,00020,877Trays
10.Impfund11,22916,00020,859Likouala
11th.I can’t14,55617,00019,089They heal
12.Mossendjo14,46916,45818.123Niari
13.They are the Mfilous16,254Kouilou
14.Kinkala8,05911,00013,882Pool
15.Makoua10,99411,20011,355Cuvette
16.Djambala7.1788,5009,650Trays
17.Hero3,3974,2004,923West Cuvette
18.Matsanga3,582Niari
19.Sembe2,514Sangha
Former province →Subdivisions of former province+ New city= New province
District(s)City(ies)
BandunduKwangoKengeKwango
KwiluBandunduKikwitKwilu
Mai-Ndombe
Plateaux
InongoMai-Ndombe
ÉquateurÉquateurMbandakaÉquateur
MongalaLisalaMongala
Nord-UbangiGbadoliteNord-Ubangi
Sud-UbangiZongoGemenaSud-Ubangi
TshuapaBoendeTshuapa
Kasaï-OccidentalKasaïTshikapaKasaï
LuluaKanangaKasaï-Central
Kasaï-OrientalTshilengeMbuji-MayiKasaï-Oriental
KabindaMwene-DituKabindaLomami
SankuruLusamboSankuru
KatangaHaut-KatangaLikasiLubumbashiHaut-Katanga
Haut-LomamiKaminaHaut-Lomami
Lualaba
Kolwezi
Lualaba
TanganyikaKalemieTanganyika
OrientaleBas-UéléButaBas-Uélé
Haut-UéléIsiroHaut-Uélé
IturiBuniaIturi
TshopoKisanganiTshopo
 Kolwezi was a hybrid city/district made up of two communes and two territories. The territories were split off and the rest became the provincial capital.
LevelTotalBreakdown
1st2625 provinces + Kinshasa
2nd177145 territories + 33 cities − Kinshasa
3rd1,045470 sectors + 264 chiefdoms + 311 communes
4th8,4716,070 groupings + 2,401 quarters
5th> 86,270~86,270 villages + ? quarter divisions

Table 2 is based on data compiled by the Independent National Electoral Commission (CENI) as part of organizing the election cycle of 2018. The count of cities only includes those currently represented in the national and provincial assemblies and not those that became cities after the organization of the elections. Thus, for example, the new city of Uvira is not counted as a city but as a commune in the table. This of course also effects the counts of city subdivisions such as communes and quarters.

The Constitution of 2006 and ensuing organic laws brought reforms to the governance of the subdivisions which are not yet complete. Table 3 sketches the envisioned governance by subdivision type and its current status.

LevelTypeLeaderDeliberative bodyTo do
(May 2022)
TitleaSelection
1stProvincebGovernorelected by assemblyAssembly of elected and co-opted (up to 10%) membersc
2ndTerritoryTerritory Administratorappointedn/a
CityMayorelected by councilCouncil elected by commune councilsdcouncil and leader elections (leaders are currently appointed)
3rdCommuneBurgomasterCouncil elected by voters
SectorSector Chief
ChiefdomChiefdom Chiefby traditioncouncil elections
4thGroupingGrouping Chiefn/a
QuarterQuarter Chiefappointed
5thVillageVillage Chiefby tradition or other local practice
Notes: a) In French top to bottom: gouverneur, administrateur de territoire (AT), maire, bourgmestre, chef de secteur, …de chefferie, …de groupment, …de quartier, and …de villageb) Includes Kinshasa. c) Co-opted members are traditional leaders selected by their peers following strict rules including term limits. d) Each Commune Council elects four members of the City Council.
Forthe Districts areTotal
in Provincesin KinshasaDistrictsSeats
National Assemblyterritories and citiesKinshasa I-IV (city districts)a181500
Provincial Assemblycommunes201715
Commune Councilcommunes3112,323
Sector or Chiefdom Councilsectors or chiefdomsbn/a7347,334
Notes: a) Kinshasa I: Lukunga, II: Funa, III: Mont-Amba, IV: Tshangub) But seats are allocated by grouping.

Except for the four National Assembly districts in Kinshasa, all electoral districts in Table 4 are administrative divisions. The Carter Center expert mission report for the 2018 elections criticizes the use of these divisions for national and provincial elections as not meeting international standards for uniform allocation of voters per constituency. As example they contrast 27,228 voters per National Assembly seat in the city of Inongo vs. 128,699 in the territory of Lomela.[30]

  1. ^ Organic Law No. 08/016, Article 4.
  2. ^ Radio Okapi 4 Mar 2015.
  3. ^ Bouvier & Omasombo Tshonda 2016, pp. 47–49.
  4. ^ Journal Officiel 2013, Décret n° 13/020–13/030 du 13 juin 2013.
  5. ^ 2014 Statistical Yearbook, pp. 28–29, Tableau 1.2 and 1.3.
  6. ^ le Phare 23 Jul 2015.
  7. ^ Matotu 2015.
  8. ^ Le Potentiel 2018.
  9. ^ Décret n° 18/020Arrêté Interministeriel n° 25/…/2018.
  10. ^ Balongelwa 2019.
  11. ^ Nzadi News 2019.
  12. ^ Okonda 2019.
  13. ^ Level 1–4 tabulated from data found at CENI maps; level 5 from CENI 2017, p. 55, Tableau 10
  14. ^ Constitution, Articles 197–8; Organic Law No. 08/016, Articles 6–92,126; Organic Law No. 10/011, Articles 4–32.
  15. ^ Constitution, Article 3.
  16. ^ “RDC : 1,5 million de signatures pour réclamer des élections locales”La Libre Afrique (in French). 2019-08-12. Retrieved 2022-05-07.
  17. ^ Radio Okapi 4 May 2019.
  18. ^ RFI 21 July 2019.
  19. ^ RFI 17 Aug 2019.
  20. ^ Lubaki 2019.
  21. ^ Musau 2019.
  22. ^ Radio Okapi 3 Feb 2022.
  23. ^ Radio Okapi 30 Nov 2022.
  24. ^ 2023 Electoral calendar.
  25. ^ 65 of 780 from Annexes p. 18.
  26. ^ 25,781,515 of 40,371,439 from Annexes p. 80 and p. 7.
  27. ^ Law 15/015, Articles 8,25.
  28. ^ CRG July 2018, p. 9.
  29. ^ Annexes, pp. 3, 4, 14, 25, 37, 38, 80.
  30. ^ Carter Center 2019, pp. 25–26.

Belgian and Congolese soldiers campaigning in East Africa in 1916.

Republic of Zaire under Mobutu (1971-1997) [ edit modify the code ]

Main articles: 

Zaire and 

Zairianization .

Mobutu Sese Seko and 

Richard Nixon in

Nom colonialCurrent name
LeopoldvilleKinshasa
StanleyvilleKisangani
ElisabethvilleLubumbashi
JadotvilleLikasi
AlbertvilleKalemie
CocquilhatvilleMbandaka
CostermansvilleRabbit
They hate itBujimamai
LuluabourgThat one
BanningvilleBandundu
New AntwerpMakanza
Port FrancquiIlebo
PaulMathematics
ThysvilleMbanza-Ngungu
Very BurtonA blessing
LevervilleLusanga
BaudoinvilleMoba
PonthiervilleThe threshold
BanzyvilleThe Thief-of-Money
CattierLufu-Toto
ElizabethaThat’s it
CharlesvilleDjokupunda
Aketi Port-ChaltinSit down
BomokandiThey are two
KilominesBambumines
MoerbekeKwilu-Ngongo
SenteryLubao
VistaNsia King
WolterLuila

  (October 2019) .

BandunduLower CongoEcuadorKasai-OccidentalKasai-OrientalKatangaKinshasaManiemaNorth KivuOrientalSud-Kivu

The different levels of subdivision are as follows 73  :

  1. province ;
  2. territory ;
  3. community (sector or chiefdom);
  4. group.

74 , 75

#StateCapitalSurface area
(km 2 )
Population
(2015)76
oneBass-UeleBlind148 3311 138 000
2EcuadorMbandaka103 9021 528 000
3Upper KatangaLubumbashi132 4254 617 000
4Upper LomamiFireplace108 2042 957 000
5Skin oilMathematics89 6831 864 000
6IturiBunia65 6583 650 000
7KasaiLuebo95 6312 801 000
8Kasaï-CentralThat one60 9583 317 000
9Kasai-OrientalBujimamai9 4813 145 000
10KinshasaKinshasa9 96511 575 000
11thKongo-Centralmatadi53 9205 575 000
12Congosong89 9742 152 000
13KwiluKikwit78 2195 490 000
14LomamiKabinda56 4262 443 000
15LualabaIn November121 3082 570 000
16Mai-Ndombenone127 4651 852 000
17ManiemaKindle132 5202 333 000
18MongalaLisala58 1411 740 000
19North KivuTen59 4836 655 000
20Nord-UbangiGbadolite56 6441 269 000
21SankuruPrayer104 3312 110 000
22Sud-KivuRabbit65 0705 772 000
23Sud-UbangiGemena51 6482 458 000
24TanganyikaKalemie134 9403 062 000
25TshopoKisangani199 5672 352 000
26TshuapaAccommodation132 9571 600 000

Note: Bandundu is the only town that did not remain the provincial capital after the actual redistricting.

Kinshasa.

Blessings .

me .

Government .

Bukavu .

Bunia .

Blind .

Butembo .

RankingWouldPopulation
oneKinshasa9 463 749
2Lubumbashi1 786 397
3Bujimamai1 680 991
4That one1 061 181
5Kisangani935 977
6Rabbit806 940
7Tshikapa587 548
8In November453 147
9Likasi447 449
10Ten431 342
11thKikwit397 737
12You are bleeding378 736
13Bunia366 126
14Kalemie355 126
15Mbandaka345 663
16matadi306 053
17Kabinda219 154
18Butembo217 625
19A blessing215 289
20Mwene-Ditu195 622
21Mathematics182 900
22Kindle172 321
23Government162 521
24Fireplace156 761
25Ngandajika146 217
26Bandundu143 435
27Gemena138 527
28Kipushi132 861
29Ball107 307
30Mbanza-Ngungu101 336
31Me99 501
32zongo53 743
33Gbadolite42 647
34none40 113
35Accommodation34 997
36Blind33 712

Apart from the 26 provincial capitals, the Democratic Republic of Congo has 9 socio-economic cities [ref. required]  :

Baraka , Bandundu, Beni, Boma, Butembo, Likasi, Mwene-Ditu, Uvira and Zongo.

Main article: 

Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo .

The current government is that led by Prime Minister Jean-Michel Sama Lukonde Kyenge , invested onApril 26, 202177 .

Main articles: 

Economy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and 

Transport in the Democratic Republic of the Congo .

  • diamond  : Kasaï Oriental, Kasaï Occidental, Bandundu, Equateur, Province Orientale.
  • or  : Eastern Province, Maniema, Katanga, Lower Congo, North Kivu, South Kivu, Ecuador.
  • copper  : Katanga.
  • Tin  : Katanga, North Kivu, South Kivu, Maniema.
  • Colombo tantalite ( coltan ): North Kivu, South Kivu, Katanga, Maniema.
  • Bauxite  : Bas-Congo.
  • Iron  : Banalia, Katanga, Luebo, Eastern Kasai.
  • Manganese  : Katanga, Bas-Congo.
  • Coal  : Katanga.
  • Oil  : Coastal basin of Moanda (in operation), Cuvette Centrale, Ituri, Bandundu (evidence)
  • Methane gas  : Lake Kivu
  • Oil  shale: Mvuzi (in Bas-Congo)
  • cobalt  : Katanga. With an annual production of around 90,000 tonnes (2019), the DRC accounts for more than half of the world’s cobalt- 81 production .
  • Mountain tourism: the DRC has on its territory the third highest peak in Africa, covered with eternal snow, named Pic Marguerite 126 , located in the Ruwenzori massif. It rises to 5,119 meters, which puts it just behind Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya .
  • Seaside tourism: the city of Muanda , located in the west of the DRC, has a large beach with several hotels by the sea.

Football is very popular in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The national football team has twice won the Africa Cup of Nations ( 1968 and 1974 ). She has twice won the African Nations Championship ( 2009 and 2016 ). She finished in third place at the 1998 Africa Cup of Nations and the 2015 Africa Cup of Nations . Two Congolese clubs have won the African Champions League  : TP Mazembe in 1967 , 1968 , 20092010 and 2015 and AS Vita Club in 1973 . Two clubs have won the African Cup Winners’ Cup  : TP Mazembe in 1980 and DC Motema Pembe of Kinshasa in 1994 . In 2010 , TP Mazembe became the first non-European or South American club to reach the final of the Club World Cup .

The very famous boxing fight of October 30, 1974 between Mohamed Ali and George Foreman , counting for the title of world heavyweight boxing champion, took place in the city of Kinshasa at the Tata Raphaël stadium .

Rugby UNION in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and 

Rugby League in the Democratic Republic of the Congo .

Rugby union was introduced by Europeans in the 1950s, mainly in the south-east of the country by minors, and in Kinshasa by the French military 127 .

Rugby league is also developing in the Republic: it was introduced there from the 2010s , most teams being mainly located in the province of South Kivu

République démocratique du Congo, Blind, Bakwa-Kalonji, Balamba, Bandundu, Bas-Congo, Bas-Congo Bas-Congo, Basoko, Kasaï occidental, Beni, Binga, Boma, Bukama, Bukavu, Bulungu, Bumba, Bunia, Butembo, Cher fils, Equateur, Est, Kasaï oriental, Gandajika, Gemena, Goma, Guney Kivu, Idiofa, Ilebo, Inkisi, Isiro Dogu, Kabalo, Kabinda, Kalemie, Kambove, Kamina, Kananga, Kaniama, Kasaï occidental Kasaï occidental, Kasaï oriental de nombreux types d’emplois disponibles dans le pays, Miabi, Moanda, Moba, Mulongo, Mweka, Nord-Kivu, Oïcha, Est-Kivu, Rutshuru, Sud-Kivu, Tshikapa, Tshilenge, Uvira, Bas-Congo,

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